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BBC紀錄片《文明》第3集 第18期:風車磨坊

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What happened was what always happens in such calamities -

在這樣的人為災難中 該發生的總會發生
a frantic, mass migration of refugees.
驚慌失措的難民大量的遷移
The Netherlands became split
荷蘭沿著戰線
along the lines of the military slog -
一分為二
Protestant north, Catholic south.
新教徒在北 天主教徒在南

But, as so often in our story,

但人類歷史中總不乏這樣一幕
the most astonishing flowerings
最令人艷羨的花朵
happen in the midst of human disaster.
總是在苦難中悄然開放
In the Protestant Dutch Republic,
在新教徒的荷蘭共和國中
as art was purged from churches branded as idolatry,
藝術被打上了崇拜邪教的標簽而被清出教堂
it simply shifted location into other places,
卻只是換了地方暗自生長
especially private homes.
尤其是在私人家中
In the years when they were most beleaguered by war,
在戰火燒得最兇的那幾年
the Dutch became most prolific at buying pictures
荷蘭人非常熱衷于購買畫作

風車磨坊.jpg

which reminded them of what they were defending.

讓畫作提醒自己所守衛的土地
It was the first mass-market for landscape art,
這是風景畫第一次有了大眾市場
precisely the kind of low art which Italians condescended to.
準確的說 是意大利人看不上的低俗藝術品
Willow-hung streams.
柳枝低垂的小溪
The life of the rustics.
鄉下人的生活
It was what the Dutch were most passionately attached to.
這正是荷蘭人心中最牽動心弦的所在
The simple face of their homeland.
這是家鄉簡樸的臉龐
Now, the reason why the Dutch felt so emotionally invested
荷蘭人之所以對這種風景投入了如此多的感情
in this landscape was because they had been responsible
是因為為了讓這片土地呈現如今的景致
for physically making so much of it.
他們付出了相當多的努力
There's this old saying that God made the world,
有句老話說 上帝創造了世界
but the Dutch made Holland.
而荷蘭人創造了荷蘭
And exactly at the time where they reinvent landscape painting,
而就在他們重新發明了風景畫的那段時間里
this was literally true.
這句老話說的一點沒錯
This was an area called the Beemster.
這個區名叫貝姆斯特爾
200,000 acres of what had been the inland sea of the Zuiderzee
1607至1612年間 八百平方公里土地
were turned into this glorious pasture between 1607 and 1612,
從曾經的內海須德海 變做了繁茂的牧場
while the Dutch were at war.
此時荷蘭尚處于戰爭期間
It was reclaimed with the aid of 43 windmills,
當時全靠這四十三座風車磨坊
pumping the water out.
排水造陸
This wasn't just topography, wasn't just land,
這不只是地貌 不只是土地
it was their homeland.
這是他們的家園

重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
disaster [di'zɑ:stə]

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n. 災難

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split [split]

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n. 劈開,裂片,裂口
adj. 分散的

 
idolatry [ai'dɔlətri]

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n. 偶像崇拜,邪神崇拜,盲目的崇拜

 
migration [mai'greiʃən]

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n. 移民,移往,移動

 
military ['militəri]

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adj. 軍事的
n. 軍隊

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frantic ['fræntik]

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adj. 瘋狂的,狂亂的

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pasture ['pɑ:stʃə]

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n. 牧場,草原
vi. 吃草
vt

 
landscape ['lændskeip]

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n. 風景,山水,風景畫
v. 美化景觀

 
astonishing [əs'tɔniʃiŋ]

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adj. 驚人的 動詞astonish的現在分詞

 
prolific [prə'lifik]

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adj. 多產的,作品豐富的

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